New sustainable shrimp fishing permits respect the law
2017-11-23 19:14:37   copyfrom:    hits:

Shrimp fisheries (Photo: Allan Bolanos, pretoma org)COSTA RICAThursday, November 23, 2017,01:10 (GMT + 9)The new pe
 

Shrimp fisheries. (Photo: Allan Bolanos, pretoma.org)

 

Click on the flag for more information about Costa RicaCOSTA RICA 
Thursday, November 23, 2017, 01:10 (GMT + 9)

 

The new permits for sustainable shrimp fishing that are being analyzed in the Board of Directors of the Costa Rican Institute for Fisheries and Aquaculture(INCOPESCA) comply with Costa Rican law. In addition, they establish a total of 24 regulatory improvements that did not exist and guarantee the conditions to re-establish these permits, states the Presidency of the Republic.

"Our commitment has always been to fishing sustainability with actions that guarantee environmental conservation, food security and providing instruments to combat poverty of those vulnerable families living in coastal areas and engaged in fishing activity", emphasized Gustavo Meneses, INCOPESCA president.

These statements come in response to the criticism expressed last week by several environmental organizations, who accused INCOPESCA of disrespecting a vote of the Constitutional Chamber in order to revive trawling fishery (declared illegal in 2013).

The Constitutional Chamber, in its 2013-10540 vote of the year 2013, annulled two articles of the Fisheries Law 8.436, and indicated that INCOPESCA could not renew permits for shrimp fishing with trawls, unless the obligation to use devices was established to reduce bycatch and demonstrate with scientific and technical studies the reduction of this catch and discards.

INCOPESCA clarifies that in compliance with that ruling, its Board of Directors did not renew the licenses that are about to expire, but approved the creation of new licenses, which respond to 24 regulatory improvements addressing environmental conservation concerns and the principle of sustainable democratic development declared by the magistrates.

According to the authorities of this entity, the new licenses guarantee better conditions for the protection of marine resources while maintaining the principle of responsible use of resources. In addition, they will not be granted indiscriminately, but will be restricted in a way that does not alter the scenery outlined by the Constitutional Chamber.

In 2013 ruling, the magistrates of the Constitutional Court conditioned the granting of authorizations to three basic conditions:

  1. Obligation to use devices to reduce the incidental capture of trawls;
  2. Demonstrate that reduction through technical studies;
  3. Compatible process with democratic sustainable development.

INCOPESCA emphasizes that the three concerns were incorporated into the agreement of its Board of Directors, since it is mandatory to use devices that make it possible to have a reduction in the accompanying fauna. Likewise, the measures will make it possible to have responsible access to the resources of both small fishermen and industrial fleet, with the establishment of criteria to avoid their unlimited exploitation and to limit the effects on the seabed.

On the other hand, the agreement added other elements such as bathymetry maps, zoning to reduce the impacts of fishing and avoid conflicts between the industrial and artisanal fleets, the obligation to use new tools such as the beacon (device that allows satellite tracking) and the double mother line (which reduces the effect of the net on the seabed). It also incorporates the reduction of hauls (fishing time of the nets), the reduction of shrimp species that can be fished, and limited and supervised landings.

editorial@fis.com

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